Embedding Python in C
Marcin 'Qrczak' Kowalczyk
qrczak at knm.org.pl
Wed Jun 9 13:46:47 CEST 2004
I made a bridge between my language Kogut
<http://qrnik.knm.org.pl/~qrczak/kogut/kogut.html> and Python,
which gives my language instant access to Python libraries.
(I'm only linking to libpython, I'm not using the standalone
I have a question about the proper way of compilation and linking.
Currently I do it like this:
I assume that the interpreter installed as 'python' determines the version.
I check Python version:
if python -c 'import sys; sys.exit(not hasattr(sys, "version_info"))'; then
ko_cv_python_major=`python -c 'import sys; print sys.version_info'`
and similarly the minor version. Currently I accept only 2.2 and higher
because of language features (iterators); while I could support earlier
versions too with appropriate conditional compilation, I didn't bother.
I check Python include directory:
ko_cv_python_include=`python -c 'from distutils import sysconfig
I add this directory to -I options of the C compiler (currently GCC only
is supported), and #include <Python.h>.
For linking, I add
for version 2.3 and above, and
-lpython -ldl -lpthread -lutil -lm
for earlier versions, i.e. 2.2 only.
1. How to do it better? For example I feel uneasy about the way I specify
which libraries should be linked. Is there a way to determine it in a
more robust way?
2. Someone has reported to me that he has no distutils installed. Why
could it be? I thought distutils is a part of the core Python package.
Can I rely on distutils, and if not, how to determine the include
3. I assume that -lpython is the same version as the 'python' program,
and give no way to select alternative versions if multiple versions
are installed. Should I do it in some better way?
__("< Marcin Kowalczyk
\__/ qrczak at knm.org.pl
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