if does not evaluate
Jim Newton
jimka at rdrop.com
Fri Jun 11 16:39:23 CEST 2004
ah so i must encapsulate the predicate function in another named
function which uses yield in order to have the iteration abort
when the target item is reached? can i simply put the predicate
function inside a lambda?
-jim
Peter Otten wrote:
> Jim Newton wrote:
>
>
>>sorry, i do not understand. The python syntax is a bit
>>difficult for me.
>
>
> Maybe I obscured the issue by comparing name attributes to a string instead
> of using a predicate() function.
>
>
>>if i have a list x and a function f how do i know if
>>there is an element of x on which f returns something
>>other than False?
>
>
> Using the above identifiers, let's assume we are looking for a name starting
> with "M":
>
>
>>>>x = ["Peter", "Paul", "Mary", "Jane"]
>>>>def f(o):
>
> ... print "checking", o
> ... return o.startswith("M")
> ...
>
> If we call
>
>
>>>>map(f, x)
>
> checking Peter
> checking Paul
> checking Mary
> checking Jane
> [False, False, True, False]
>
> it invokes f() for every item in x and returns the above list of booleans.
> The equivalent list comprehension would be [f(i) for i in x]. Now
>
>
>>>>True in map(f, x)
>
> checking Peter
> checking Paul
> checking Mary
> checking Jane
> True
>
> gives the correct result but unfortunately does too much work as we don't
> need to calculate f("Jane") when we already know the outcome. Enter
> generator
>
>
>>>>def lazymap(predicate, seq):
>
> ... for item in seq:
> ... yield predicate(item)
> ...
>
> which calulates f(item) as needed. Proof:
>
>
>>>>True in lazymap(f, x)
>
> checking Peter
> checking Paul
> checking Mary
> True
>
>
> itertools.imap() is just the fast C implementation of lazymap().
> The equivalent generator expression (new in Python 2.4) will be
> (f(i) for i in x).
>
> Peter
>
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