How to count lines in a text file ?
indigo at bitglue.com
Mon Sep 20 15:27:48 CEST 2004
Yes, you need a for loop, and a count variable. You can count in several
ways. File objects are iterable, and they iterate over the lines in the
file. readlines() returns a list of the lines, which will have the same
effect, but because it builds the entire list in memory first, it uses
more memory. Example:
filename = raw_input('file? ')
file = open(filename)
lines = 0
for line in file:
# line is ignored here, but it contains each line of the file,
# including the newline
lines += 1
print '%r has %r lines' % (filename, lines)
another alternative is to use the standard posix program "wc" with the
-l option, but this isn't Python.
On Mon, Sep 20, 2004 at 03:18:53PM +0200, Ling Lee wrote:
> Hi all.
> I'm trying to write a program that:
> 1) Ask me what file I want to count number of lines in, and then counts the
> lines and writes the answear out.
> 2) I made the first part like this:
> in_file = raw_input("What is the name of the file you want to open: ")
> in_file = open("test.txt","r")
> text = in_file.read()
> 3) I think that I have to use a for loop ( something like: for line in text:
> count +=1)
> Or maybee I have to do create a def: something like: ( def loop(line,
> count)), but not sure how to do this properly.
> And then perhaps use the readlines() function, but again not quite sure how
> to do this. So do one of you have a good idea.
> Thanks for all help
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