How do you make issubclass work

Andrew Dalke adalke at
Sat Sep 11 21:59:38 CEST 2004

Nathan Bullock wrote:
> This is using python 2.3.3. Is this a bug? Why do we have two
> different cla_a's which are not the same?

Your file '' is two things.  It's the code being used
as the "__main__" module *and* it's used as the "a" module.

Add this to your to see the difference.

         import sys
         main_module = sys.modules["__main__"]
         print "main is from", main_module.__file__
         a_module = sys.modules["a"]
         print "a is from", a_module.__file__
         print "Are the modules the same?", a_module == main_module
         print "Are the classes the same?", a_module.cla_a == 

You'll see that the file is used twice, and the
class cla_a defined once as __main__.cla_a and the other
as a.cla_a .

To make what you want work, well, a good rule is to avoid
circular imports.  Another is that your main code should
not be imported.  But if you want so see your code to work
as you expect it to work, you need to change so that
the "from a import cla_a" is instead
"from __main__ import cla_a"

> Now I take it from this answer from Peter, that if I did the test in a
> third file so that I was using an imported instance of cla_a that
> issubclass would then work properly.

It should.

				dalke at

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