Securing a future for anonymous functions in Python

michele.simionato at michele.simionato at
Tue Jan 11 10:04:41 CET 2005

> Given a population with previous exposure to computer programming, my
> money is on the map-lambda version. But this last point is mostly
> irrelevant. The fact is that you cannot program computers without
> doing a bit of learning ... and the lambda, map and friends really do
> not take any significant learning.

This kind of "sociological" study would be pretty interesting to me ;-)

Personally, I find out that my mind manage pretty well one-level of
at time, not two. Consider for instance

def add1(x): return x+1
map(add1, mylist)

Here there are *two* levels of indirection:

first, I need to define add1;
second I need to translate mentally map to a loop.

Using lambda does not help:

map(lambda x: x+1, mylist)

still would require two levels for me, one to recognize the lambda
and one to convert map to a loop.

This is too much for me, so I just write

[x+1 for x in mylist]

where everything is explicit (or if you wish, I have just to recognize
that there
is a loop going on, pretty easy).

However, if I can skip a level of indirection (i.e. I do not need to
a function) I just prefer map:

map(int, mylist)

is simpler for me than

[int(x) for x in mylist]

since the latter introduces an useless x (which is also polluting my
but this not my point, I could use a generator-expression instead).

So, in practice, I only use map with built-in or with predefined
functions, i.e. functions
which are already there for some other purpose; I do not like to be
forced to write a
function (or a lambda) for the only purpose of using map (at least in

Incidentally, I am not fond of the name "lambda" too. "fn", as Paul
Graham says,
looks much better.

What I would like, in Python, is some facility to manage callbacks in
the standard
library, then I would live pretty well without lambdas.
Just IMHO, YMMV, etc.

                      Michele Simionato

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