Another newbie question from Nathan.

Nathan Pinno falcon3166 at hotmail.com
Sat Jul 9 21:31:08 CEST 2005


  Hi all,

  How do I make Python get a def? Is it the "get" function, or something 
else? I need to know so that I can get a def for that computer 
MasterMind(tm) game that I'm writing.

  BTW, I took your advice, and wrote some definitions for my Giant 
Calculator program. Might make the code easier to read, but harder to code 
because I have to keep going to the top to read the menu. Not that fun, but 
necessary for a smooth program, I guess.

  Nathan Pinno

  "Steven D'Aprano" <steve at REMOVETHIScyber.com.au> wrote in message 
news:pan.2005.07.03.02.30.28.82992 at REMOVETHIScyber.com.au...
  > On Sat, 02 Jul 2005 00:25:00 -0600, Nathan Pinno wrote:
  >>   Hi all.
  >>   How do I make the computer generate 4 random numbers for the guess? I 
want
  >> to know because I'm writing a computer program in Python like the game
  >> MasterMind.
  > First you get the computer to generate one random number. Then you do it
  > again three more times.
  > If you only need to do it once, you could do it this way:
  > import random  # you need this at the top of your program
  > x0 = random.random()
  > x1 = random.random()
  > x2 = random.random()
  > x3 = random.random()
  > But if you need to do it more than once, best to create a function that
  > returns four random numbers in one go.
  > def four_random():
  >    """Returns a list of four random numbers."""
  >    L = []  # start with an empty list
  >    for i in range(4):
  >        L.append(random.random())
  >    return L
  > and use it this way:
  > rand_nums = four_random()
  > # rand_nums is a list of four numbers
  > print rand_nums[0]  # prints the first random number
  > print rand_nums[3]  # prints the last one
  > or like this:
  > alpha, beta, gamma, delta = four_random()
  > # four names for four separate numbers
  > Steven.
  > http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-list




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