Incorrect number of arguments

Steven D'Aprano steve at
Thu Jun 9 07:03:44 CEST 2005

I'm trying to keep an open mind, but I am perplexed 
about something in Python that strikes me as a poor design.

py> def func(a,b):
py>     print a,b
py> func(1)
Traceback (most recent call last):
   File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
TypeError: func() takes exactly 2 arguments (1 given)

Why is the exception raised by passing the wrong number 
of arguments a TypeError instead of a more specific 

I'm asking because of a practical problem I had. I have 
written some test suites for a module, and wanted a 
test to ensure that the functions were accepting the 
correct number of arguments, eg if the specs say they 
take three arguments, that they actually do fail as 
advertised if you pass the wrong number of arguments.

That should be simple stuff to do. Except that I have 
to distinguish between TypeErrors raised because of 
wrong argument counts, and TypeErrors raised inside the 

To add an extra layer of complication, the error string 
from the TypeError differs according to how many 
parameters were expected and how many were supplied, eg:

func() takes exactly 2 arguments (1 given)
func() takes at least 2 arguments (1 given)
func() takes at most 1 argument (2 given)

I worked around this problem by predicting what error 
message to expect given N expected arguments and M 
supplied arguments. Yuck: this is a messy, inelegant, 
ugly hack :-( Thank goodness that functions are first 
class objects that support introspection :-)

So, I'm wondering if there is a good reason why 
TypeError is generated instead of (say) ArgumentError, 
or if it is just a wart of the language for historical 


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