Pre-PEP: Dictionary accumulator methods

El Pitonero pitonero at
Sat Mar 19 17:21:28 CET 2005

Raymond Hettinger wrote:
> Separating the two cases is essential.  Also, the wording should
contain strong
> cues that remind you of addition and of building a list.
> For the first, how about addup():
>     d = {}
>     for word in text.split():
>          d.addup(word)

import copy
class safedict(dict):
    def __init__(self, default=None):
        self.default = default
    def __getitem__(self, key):
        if not self.has_key(key):
            self[key] = copy.copy(self.default)
        return dict.__getitem__(self, key)

text = 'a b c b a'
words = text.split()
counts = safedict(0)
positions = safedict([])
for i, word  in enumerate(words):
    counts[word] += 1

print counts, positions

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