Function Verification

Ws nothingcanfulfill at
Wed Jun 7 02:50:03 CEST 2006

Hi all

I'm trying to write up a module that *safely* sets sys.stderr and
sys.stdout, and am currently having troubles with the function
verification. I need to assure that the function can indeed be called
as the Python manual specifies that sys.stdout and sys.stderr should be
defined (standard file-like objects, only requiring a function named

For an example output wrapper class, it could look something so simple
as this:
class OutputWrapper:
    def __init__(self,CallBack,*args,**kwargs):
        self.cb = CallBack
    def write(self,str):

My problem is in verifying the class we're trying to redirect output
This is what I have so far:
def _VerifyOutputStream(fh):
    if 'write' not in dir(fh):
        raise AttributeError, "The Output Stream should have a write
    if not callable(fh.write):
        raise TypeError, "The Output Stream's write method is not

On a side note, I have derived the above exception names to use via.
experimentation in an interactive shell:

>>> class SomeClass:pass
>>> w = SomeClass()
>>> w.write
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
AttributeError: w instance has no attribute 'write'
>>> w.write = "Hurr, strings are not callable!"
>>> w.write()
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in ?
TypeError: 'str' object is not callable

In the above _VerifyOutputStream function, how would I verify that the
fh.write method requires only one argument, as the built-in file
objects do?

Thanks in advance


PS: As a point of reference, to make your lives easier, the links to
the Python manual pages:

My experimentation in IDLE yielded no results, really, either.

>>> class C:
	def write(self, str, noreq=None):
>>> c=C()
>>> dir(c.write.func_code)
['__class__', '__cmp__', '__delattr__', '__doc__', '__getattribute__',
'__hash__', '__init__', '__new__', '__reduce__', '__reduce_ex__',
'__repr__', '__setattr__', '__str__', 'co_argcount', 'co_cellvars',
'co_code', 'co_consts', 'co_filename', 'co_firstlineno', 'co_flags',
'co_freevars', 'co_lnotab', 'co_name', 'co_names', 'co_nlocals',
'co_stacksize', 'co_varnames']
>>> c.write.func_code.co_argcount
>>> c.write.func_code.co_varnames
('self', 'str', 'noreq')


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