[Python-3000] bug in modulus?
Guido van Rossum
guido at python.org
Tue May 2 19:47:43 CEST 2006
This is way above my head. :-)
The only requirement *I* would like to see is that for floats that
exactly represent ints (or longs for that matter) the result ought of
x%y ought to have the same value as the same operation on the
corresponding ints (except if the result can't be represented exactly
as a float -- I don't know what's best then).
We're fixing this for / in Py3k, so passing an int into an algorithm
written for floats won't be harmful and won't require defensiev
float() casting everywhere. It would be a shame if we *introduced* a
new difference between ints and floats for %.
--Guido
On 5/2/06, Tim Peters <tim.peters at gmail.com> wrote:
> [Andrew Koenig, on the counter intuitive -1e-050 % 2.0 == 2.0 example]
> >> I disagree. For any two floating-point numbers a and b, with b != 0, it
> >> is always possible to represent the exact value of a mod b as a
> >> floating-point number--at least on every floating-point system I have ever
> >> encountered. The implementation is not even that difficult.
>
> [also Andrew]
> > Oops... This statement is true for the Fortran definition of modulus (result
> > has the sign of the dividend) but not the Python definition (result has the
> > sign of the divisor). In the Python world, it's true only when the dividend
> > and divisor have the same sign.
>
> Note that you can have it in Python too, by using math.fmod(a, b)
> instead of "a % b".
>
> IMO, it was a mistake (and partly my fault cuz I didn't whine early)
> for Python to try to define % the same way for ints and floats. The
> hardware realities are too different, and so are the pragmatics. For
> floats, it's actually most useful most often to have both that a % b
> is exact and that 0.0 <= abs(a % b) <= abs(b/2). Then the sign of a%b
> bears no relationship to the signs of a and b, but for purposes of
> modular reduction it yields the result with the smallest possible
> absolute value. That's often valuable for floats (e.g., think of
> argument reduction feeding into a series expansion, where time to
> convergence typically depends on the magnitude of the input and
> couldn't care less about the input's sign), but rarely useful for
> ints.
>
> I'd like to see this change in Python 3000. Note that IBM's proposed
> standard for decimal arithmetic (which Python's "decimal" module
> implements) requires two operations here, one that works like
> math.fmod(a, b) (exact and sign of a), and the other as described
> above (exact and |a%b| <= |b/2|). Those are really the only sane
> definitions for a floating point modulo/remainder.
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--
--Guido van Rossum (home page: http://www.python.org/~guido/)
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