Finding defining class in a decorator

lcaamano lcaamano at
Tue May 9 16:12:00 CEST 2006

We have a tracing decorator that automatically logs enter/exits to/from
functions and methods and it also figures out by itself the function
call arguments values and the class or module the function/method is
defined on.  Finding the name of the class where the method we just
entered was defined in is a bit tricky.

Here's a snippet of the test code:

       class Base:
           def foomethod(self, x, y=5, **kwds):
               return x+y

       class TClass(Base):
           def foomethod(self, x, y=1, **kwds):
               return Base.foomethod(self, x, **kwds) + x + y

       t = TClass()
       t.foomethod(4, d=1)

The output format is irrelevant at this point but it should be
something like:

  TClass:foomethod ...
  Base:foomethod ...

correctly showing the name of the class where the entered method was
defined on.

We are also using the proposed decorator function in the future
functools module, which looks like this:

def _update_wrapper(decorated, func, deco_func):
    # Support naive introspection
    decorated.__module__ = func.__module__
    decorated.__name__ = func.__name__
    decorated.__doc__ = func.__doc__
    decorated.__decorator__ = deco_func
    decorated.__decorates__ = func

def decorator(deco_func):
    """Wrap a function as an introspection friendly decorator
    def wrapper(func):
        decorated = deco_func(func)
        if decorated is func:
            return func
        _update_wrapper(decorated, func, deco_func)
        return decorated
    # Manually make this decorator introspection friendly
    _update_wrapper(wrapper, deco_func, functools_decorator)
    return wrapper

In our decorator, the part that figures out the name of the class where
the wrapped method was defined in has to start with the assumption that
the first argument is self and then find the defining class from it.
This code fragment is in the wrapper function of the decorator:

         if numargs > 0:
             # at definition time, class methods are not methods
             # yet because the class doesn't exist when the
             # decorators get called and thus, we have to figure
             # out classname at runtime via self
             # assume first arg is self, see if f.__name__ is there
             # as a method and if so, then grab it's class name
             self = args[0]
             if type(self) == types.InstanceType:
                 # getattr will find the method anywhere in the
                 # class tree so start from the top
                 bases = list(inspect.getmro(self.__class__))
                 for c in bases:
                     # f was given to us in the deco_func
                     meth = getattr(c, f.__name__, None)

                     # we found a method with that name, which
                     # it's probably this same wrapper function
                     # we used to wrap the original method with.

                     ofunc = getattr(meth, '__decorates__', False)

                     if ofunc and ofunc.func_code == f.func_code:
                         # got it
                         clsname = meth.im_class.__name__

Is there a way to do this without the __decorates__ attribute?

Luis P Caamano
Atlanta, GA, USA

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