help with relative imports

Robert Kern robert.kern at
Tue Sep 19 20:23:00 CEST 2006

John Salerno wrote:
> I'm reading the "What's New" section of the 2.5 docs, and I'm a little 
> confused by the last section of "Absolute and Relative Imports":
> -----------------------------------------------
> For example, code in the A.B.C module can do:
> from . import D                 # Imports A.B.D
> from .. import E                # Imports A.E
> from ..F import G               # Imports A.F.G
> -----------------------------------------------
> Can someone explain this? It seems like information is missing. How do 
> you know where D, E, F and G are to figure this out? If all you are 
> given is A.B.C, and then someone gives you the above three examples, 
> what steps do you take to figure out what gets imported from where?

What is ambiguous about A.B.D, A.E, and A.F.G? But if you like:


Robert Kern

"I have come to believe that the whole world is an enigma, a harmless enigma
  that is made terrible by our own mad attempt to interpret it as though it had
  an underlying truth."
   -- Umberto Eco

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