Puzzled by "is"
steve at holdenweb.com
Fri Aug 10 00:10:43 CEST 2007
Grzegorz Słodkowicz wrote:
>> Why? Because.
>> Seriously, it's just an optimization by the implementers. There is no
>> need for more than one empty tuple, since tuples can never be modified
>> once created.
>> But they decided not to create (1, ) in advance. They probably knew that
>> hardly anybody would want to create that tuple ;-) [Seriously: if you
>> started trying to predict which tuples would be used you would go
>> insane, but the empty tuple is the most likely candidate].
> That's just theorisation but I'd rather expect the interpreter simply
> not to create a second tuple while there already is an identical one.
> This could save some memory if the tuple was large (Although by the same
> token comparison of large tuples can be expensive). Admittedly the empty
> tuple is a special case but then 'Special cases aren't special enough to
> break the rules'.
> A bit odd.
It's a trade-off, preferring to optimize time rather than memory usage.
If tuples were "interned" like some strings then tuple creation would be
more expensive due to the need to search the cache when creating them
which, as you rightly point out, could be very expensive for large tuples.
The integers under 100 are also, IIRC, special-cased:
>>> x = 12
>>> y = 32676
>>> x is 12
>>> y is 32676
I guess if you *make* the rules you can decide when it's reasonable to
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