How to read gzipped utf8 file in Python?
"Martin v. Löwis"
martin at v.loewis.de
Thu Nov 22 21:25:20 CET 2007
> I have a large (gigabytes) file which is encoded in UTF-8 and then
> compressed with gzip. I'd like to read it with the "gzip" module
> and "utf8" decoding.
You didn't specify the processing you want to perform. For example,
this should work just fine
fd = gzip.open(fname, 'rb')
for line in fd.readline():
For that processing, it is not even necessary to know what the encoding
of the file is, except that it is an ASCII superset (which UTF-8 is).
> The obvious approach is
> fd = gzip.open(fname, 'rb',encoding='utf8')
> But "gzip.open" doesn't support an "encoding" parameter. (It
> probably should, for consistency.)
I think I disagree. The builtin open function does not support an
encoding argument, either (in Python 2.x). Conceptually, gzip operates
on byte streams, not character streams.
> Is it possible to express "unzip, then decode utf8" via
If that's the processing you want to do - sure
fd0 = gzip.open(fname, 'rb')
fd = codecs.getreader("utf-8")(fd0)
data = fd.readline()
You can combine that to
fd = codecs.getreader("utf-8")(gzip.open(fname))
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