Root element name not declared

"Martin v. Löwis" martin at
Tue Oct 23 23:37:15 CEST 2007

> <?xml version="1.0"?>
> <!DOCTYPE MyMessage SYSTEM "mymessage.dtd">
> <MyMessage release="2.0">
> <!ENTITY % MyMessage                  "">
> ,,,,,
> Being both the file and the dtd provided by the supplier, I believe
> they're correct so I don't understand what's wrong. MyMessage IS
> declared... isn't it sufficient?

No. MyMessage is declared above as a Parameter Entity (PE), not
as an element. Look for definitions that start with <!ELEMENT.
Also, look for for occurrences of IGNORE around any such definition.

If you see MyMessage used, try to find out what it's "normal"
definition is; the definition you gave is IGNOREd unless
UsingLocalNames is defined to INCLUDE (which I assume it is not).
For example, if there was the fragment

<!ENTITY % MyMessage "Envelope">

<!ELEMENT %MyMessage; (From|To)>

then the name of the root element would not be MyMessage, but


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