metaclasses: timestamping instances

Michele Simionato michele.simionato at
Sat Sep 1 18:44:11 CEST 2007

On Sep 1, 6:07 pm, Steve Holden <st... at> wrote:
> Debugging with Wing IDE and examining the classes at a breakpoint shows
> this to be true (even after Y's __metaclass__ assignment is commented out):
>  >>> X.__metaclass__
> <class '__main__.Meta'>
>  >>> Y.__metaclass__
> <class '__main__.Meta'>
>  >>>

For the benefit of the readers I will just point out that in order
to determine the metaclass of a class it is far better NOT to relay on
__metaclass__ attribute. The right thing to to is to look at the
attribute, or to use type. Here is a (made up) example
where .__metaclass__ gives
the wrong result:

In [9]: class M(type): pass

In [10]: class B: __metaclass__ = M

In [11]: B.__metaclass__ = None # now the hook is set to None, but the
metaclass does not change

In [12]: B.__class__
Out[12]: <class '__main__.M'>

       Michele Simionato

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