Java or C++?

Dan Bishop danb_83 at
Tue Apr 22 04:19:42 CEST 2008

On Apr 21, 5:26 pm, Jorgen Grahn <grahn+n... at> wrote:
> On Mon, 21 Apr 2008 06:14:08 -0700 (PDT), NickC <ncogh... at> wrote:
> > On Apr 15, 1:46 pm, Brian Vanderburg II <BrianVanderbu... at>
> > wrote:
> >> This will automatically call the constructors of any contained objects
> >> to initialize the string.  The implicit assignment operator
> >> automatically performs the assignment of any contained objects.
> >> Destruction is also automatic.  When 'p1' goes out of scope, during the
> >> destructor the destructor for all contained objects is called.
> > Yeah, C++ does try to be helpful, and all of those automatic copy
> > constructor, assignment operator and destructor implementations screw
> > up royally when confronted with pointers
> I think that those are newbie problems. The rules for those three
> "default implementations" are simple and match what C does for
> structs. Use the standard containers, make a habit of forbidding
> copying of objects which make no sense copying, and remember the
> "explicit" keyword, and you will rarely have problems with this.

Yes, but why should you have to remember?  Wouldn't it be less error-
prone to make objects uncopyable and constructors explicit unless
stated otherwise?  (Yes, default implementations for structs had to
match C, but "class" was a new keyword.)

> > Other things like methods (including destructors!) being non-virtual
> > by default also make C++ code annoyingly easy to get wrong (without it
> > obviously looking wrong).
> The other side of the coin is that you can write tiny classes in C++
> with *no overhead*. If my class Foo can be implemented as an integer,
> it doesn't need to be slower or take more space than an integer. It
> can have value semantics, live on the stack etc, like an integer.
> I assume Java programmers avoid such types, and I assume it decreases
> type safety in their programs.

I haven't written in Java since version 1.3, so maybe things have
changed.  But last time I checked, if you want tiny value-semantics
types in Java, you're stuck with the built-in ones.  One of my biggest
gripes about that language.

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