call by reference howto????

Steven D'Aprano steve at
Thu Feb 28 02:24:48 CET 2008

On Thu, 28 Feb 2008 02:02:19 +0200, Tamer Higazi wrote:

> Hi!
> Can somebody of you make me a sample how to define a function based on
> "call by reference" ???

Python doesn't do call by reference. Nor does it do call by value. Please 
pay no attention to anyone who says it does.

Instead, read this:

and possibly this as well:

After you've read that, if you still have questions, please ask.


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