Embedding Python

Marcin Krol mrkafk at gmail.com
Tue Jul 1 11:36:53 CEST 2008

Hello everyone,

I'm trying to embed Python interpreter in C code, but in a specific way:
loading compiled bytecode into a memory location and executing it (don't
ask why, complicated reasons).

PyImport_ExecCodeModule seems like obvious candidate, docs say:

"Given a module name (possibly of the form package.module) and a code
object read from a Python bytecode file or obtained from the built-in
function compile(), load the module."


#include <Python.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int load_file(char *fname, unsigned char** result)
  int size = 0;
  FILE *f = fopen(fname, "rb");
  if (f == NULL)
   *result = NULL;
  return -1;
  fseek(f, 0, SEEK_END);
  size = ftell(f);
  *result = (unsigned char *) malloc(size+1);
  fseek(f, 0, SEEK_SET);
  size = fread(*result, sizeof(unsigned char), size, f);
  return size;

int main(int argc, char **argv)
         int size;
         unsigned char *python_code;
         PyObject *mainobj;
         size = load_file("multiply.pyc", &python_code);

         mainobj = PyImport_ExecCodeModule("multiply", (PyObject *)


Compiling it following way works fine:

${CC} testit.c -g -o testit -I/usr/include/python2.4 -lpython2.4 -lm
-lutil -lpthread -ldl  -L/usr/lib/python2.4/config

However, the damn thing crashes on this call:

33              mainobj = PyImport_ExecCodeModule("multiply", (PyObject
*) python_code);
(gdb) n

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x0804e7f6 in PyImport_ExecCodeModuleEx ()

The .pyc file woks just fine in Python interpreter:

>>> import multiply
>>> multiply.multiply()
The result of 12345 x 6789 : 83810205

What I am doing wrong? Please help.

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