What Programming Languages Should You Learn Next?

Paul Rubin http
Wed Mar 19 10:42:55 CET 2008

Torsten Bronger <bronger at physik.rwth-aachen.de> writes:
> > Re Haskell: I've been spending a lot of time on Haskell recently,
> > though I haven't done anything nontrivial with it yet (just some
> > small stuff).  But I think it's better for complex program
> > development than Python is,
> Could you elaborate on this?  (Sincere question; I have almost no
> idea of Haskell.)

http://wiki.python.org/moin/PythonVsHaskell is a fairly high-level

I think it's easier to write complex code in Haskell because:

  1) it has a powerful static type system that lets you express
important invariants and have them enforced at compile time.  This not
only catches errors but helps you understand the program logic almost
like running the code under a debugger does.  If you try to fill a gap
by putting in a piece of the wrong shape, it just won't fit and the
compiler will tell you what you really wanted.  On the other hand,
most types are inferred by the compiler, so you don't need a lot of
cumbersome declarations like in Java.

  2) The basic list type in Haskell works something like Python
iterators, but they don't change state when you consume an item.  In
fact all Haskell data is immutable.  You avoid vast classes of bugs
this way.  But you do have to change the way you think about

I may write a longer comparison post sometime later.

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