dict generator question

bearophileHUGS at lycos.com bearophileHUGS at lycos.com
Mon Sep 22 13:21:12 CEST 2008


Steven D'Aprano:

>Extending len() to support iterables sounds like a good idea, except that it's not.<

Python language lately has shifted toward more and more usage of lazy
iterables (see range lazy by default, etc). So they are now quite
common. So extending len() to make it act like leniter() too is a way
to adapt a basic Python construct to the changes of the other parts of
the language.

In languages like Haskell you can count how many items a lazy sequence
has. But those sequences are generally immutable, so they can be
accessed many times, so len(iterable) doesn't exhaust them like in
Python. So in Python it's less useful.


This is a common situation where I can only care of the len of the g
group:
[leniter(g) for h,g in groupby(iterable)]

There are other situations where I may be interested only in how many
items there are:
leniter(ifilter(predicate, iterable))
leniter(el for el in iterable if predicate(el))

For my usage I have written a version of the itertools module in D (a
lot of work, but the result is quite useful and flexible, even if I
miss the generator/iterator syntax a lot), and later I have written a
len() able to count the length of lazy iterables too (if the given
variable has a length attribute/property then it returns that value),
and I have found that it's useful often enough (almost as the
string.xsplit()). But in Python there is less need for a len() that
counts lazy iterables too because you can use the following syntax
that isn't bad (and isn't available in D):

[sum(1 for x in g) for h,g in groupby(iterable)]
sum(1 for x in ifilter(predicate, iterable))
sum(1 for el in iterable if predicate(el))

So you and Python designers may choose to not extend the semantics of
len() for various good reasons, but you will have a hard time
convincing me it's a useless capability :-)

Bye,
bearophile



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