Christian Heimes lists at cheimes.de
Sun Aug 9 15:01:48 CEST 2009

Emanuele D'Arrigo schrieb:
> Greetings everybody,
> I don't quite understand why if I do this:
>>>> d = {}
>>>> exec("dir()", d)
> 1) d is no longer empty
> 2) the content of d now looks like __builtins__.__dict__ but isn't
> quite it d == __builtins__.__dict__ returns false.
> Can anybody shed some light?

RTFM helps ;) http://docs.python.org/reference/simple_stmts.html#exec

As a side effect, an implementation may insert additional keys into the 
dictionaries given besides those corresponding to variable names set by 
the executed code. For example, the current implementation may add a 
reference to the dictionary of the built-in module __builtin__ under the 
key __builtins__ (!).


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