Python on the Web

Phil phily05 at
Wed Aug 26 03:09:28 CEST 2009

I've seen lots of web sites explaining everything, but for whatever
reason I seem to not be picking something up.
I am a graphical person, which is probably the reason I haven't found
my answer.
May somebody please confirm if my diagram accurately represents the
stack, generally speaking.

Even if that is the case, I'm having a hard time understanding the
differences. I guess wsgiref has absolutely nothing to do with FCGI/
SCGI/CGI and simply receives and responds to HTTP requests following
the WSGI specification? Does it just spawn a new thread for each
request? If so, then how is this any different than a production
server with FCGI?

The way I am understanding the 'Production' side of that picture is
that the web server (eg. lighttpd) creates a single FCGI process. The
FCGI process is actually the entry point of the Framework/Application
which sets up Flup's WSGIServer, being the interface between FCGI and
the Framework/Application? What I mean is, it is just the code that
the web server loads to start with, example...
    from flup.server.fcgi import WSGIServer
    from app import application
... Then for each HTTP request, Flup's WSGIServer creates a new thread
to handle the request?

As I've read elsewhere, "These days, FastCGI is never used directly.
Just like mod_python it is only used for the deployment of WSGI
applications." As far as I understand, the main (or only?) reasoning
for this is because WSGI makes Python applications easier to deploy
without having to worry about whether using FCGI/SCGI/CGI.

What would be involved to run Python on the web using FCGI without
WSGI? I can feel the flames already. This isn't the only reason I want
to know, but one reason is that I want to use Python 3.1 and as I
understand, this will have to wait for the WSGI 2.0 specification to
ensure time isn't wasted.

I apologize if the questions are ridiculous. I've just recently got
into web programming and it seems that in order for me to use Python,
I need a deep understanding of web servers, HTTP, FCGI, etc. I have
more questions but they go more off topic, so I will save it for
another thread, another day.

I realize there is a large number of questions, so thanks for any help.

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