Can Python serial support run at 45.45 baud?
nagle at animats.com
Sat Feb 14 13:59:28 EST 2009
John Nagle wrote:
> OK, tried to open the port, using Python 2.6, latest PySerial
> and PyWin32:
> ser = serial.Serial(port, baudrate=baud,
> ValueError: Cannot configure port, some setting was wrong. Original
> message: (87, 'SetCommState', 'The parameter is incorrect.')
> Something doesn't like "serial.FIVEBITS". That's a valid value,
> to "http://pyserial.wiki.sourceforge.net/pySerial". If changed to
> "serial.EIGHTBITS", the code will execute, but of course does the wrong
> thing. That looks like a bug.
OK, here's what's wrong. The allowed numbers for stop bits in Windows are
ONESTOPBIT 0 1 stop bit.
ONE5STOPBITS 1 1.5 stop bits.
TWOSTOPBITS 2 2 stop bits.
The Python interface, however, only exports STOPBITS_ONE and STOPBITS_TWO.
See "serialutil.py", at line 9, and "serialwin32.py" at lines 141-146.
* The use of 5 data bits with 2 stop bits is an invalid combination,
as is 6, 7, or 8 data bits with 1.5 stop bits.
So the correct combination, 5 bits with 1.5 stop bits, isn't supported in
Python. 1 stop bit will not physically work on Baudot teletypes; the
main camshaft doesn't come around fast enough. (Yes, there's an actual
mechanical reason for 1.5 stop bits.) Requesting 2 stop bits at the
Python level gets a reject at the Win32 level. (Not sure why Win32
doesn't allow that; extra stop bits just add delay, but don't hurt
anything. But it's not supported.)
Linux has a different set of restrictions; Linux offers only 1 or 2 stop
bits, and won't do arbitrary baud rates via the "termios" data structure,
although there are other ways to request that. At the hardware level,
there's a clock rate, a counter, and a divisor, so arbitrary baud
rates can be set.
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