getting at individual bits inside byte field: struct module : bitwise operator

MRAB google at mrabarnett.plus.com
Tue Feb 24 01:40:09 CET 2009


harijay wrote:
> In my last post I had asked about reading data from a binary file
> using the struct module.
> Thanks to some excellent help , I have managed to read in
> successfully
> most of the header of this binary format that I want to parse.  These
> are some time-voltage traces from a digital
> to analog converter for my experiments. The output is according to a
> format
> mentioned here : ( http://www.dataq.com/support/techinfo/ff.htm)
> 
> I have a question about how to bitmask a bunch of bytes read in from
> such a binary formatted file .
> 
> For eg the spec says the first two bytes have different parameters in
> different bits .
> Byte 1                                                  Byte 0
> SN16 SD9        SD8     SD7     SD6     SD5     SD4     SD3
> SD2     SD1     SD0     T4      T3      T2      T1      T0
> 
> I am reading in the two bytes using the following code
> 
> import struct
> f.seek(0)
> element1_format = struct.Struct("<H")
> (element1,) = element1_format.unpack(f.read(2))
> 
> Now element1 has type "str" .

That's not what I get. For me it's an int.

> How do I apply a bitmask to this to get
> at information in the component bits .
> Since the entire file format has many such bitmasked fields and since
> this is my first venture into binary formats and c-type structs , I
> wanted to know how to read values inside a byte using python.
> My few tries at using bitwise operators ( element1 & 0x001f) are
> frustrated by messages that say " unsupported operand type(s) for &:
> 'str' and 'int' " .
> How can I keep my string objects as bits and apply bitmasks to them
> Any help in this will be greatly appreciated.
 >
The T bits are (element1 & 0x1F), the SD bits are ((element1 >> 5) &
0x2FF) and the SN16 bit is (element1 >> 15).



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