How best to test functions which use date.today

Scott David Daniels Scott.Daniels at Acm.Org
Sat Feb 28 22:01:32 CET 2009


Lie Ryan wrote:
> Yuan HOng wrote:
>> In my project I have several date related methods which I want tested for
>> correctness. The functions use date.today() in several places. Since this
>> could change every time I run the test, I hope to find someway to fake a
>> date.today.
>> For illustration lets say I have a function:
>>
>> from datetime import date
>> def today_is_2009():
>>     return date.today().year == 2009
>>
>> To test this I would like to write test function like:
>>
>> def test_today_is_2009():
>>     set_today(date(2008, 12, 31))
>>     assert today_is_2009() == False
>>     set_today(date(2009,1,1))
>>     assert today_is_2009() == True
Try something like this:
     import module_to_test as sut # "sut" -> system under test
     from datetime import date

     class FakeDate(object):
         def __init__(self, value):
             self._result = value
         def today(self):
             return self._result

     def test_today_is_2009_too_old():
         temp, sut.date = sut.date, FakeDate(date(2008, 12, 31))
         try:
             assert not sut.today_is_2009()
         finally:
             sut.date = temp

     def test_today_is_2009_too_young():
         temp, sut.date = sut.date, FakeDate(date(2010, 1, 1))
         try:
             assert not sut.today_is_2009()
         finally:
             sut.date = temp

     def test_today_is_2009_just_right():
         temp, sut.date = sut.date, FakeDate(date(2009, 1, 1))
         try:
             assert not sut.today_is_2009()
         finally:
             sut.date = temp


Note: each test should test 1 thing.

--Scott David Daniels
Scott.Daniels at Acm.Org



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