del behavior 2

Eric Snow esnow at
Wed Jan 7 21:03:36 CET 2009

On Jan 7, 12:57 pm, "Chris Rebert" <c... at> wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 7, 2009 at 11:42 AM, Eric Snow <es... at> wrote:
> > I was reading in the documentation about __del__ and have a couple of
> > questions.  Here is what I was looking at:
> >
> > My second question is about the following:
> > "It is not guaranteed that __del__() methods are called for objects
> > that still exist when the interpreter exits."
> > I understand that and have seen it too.  That's fine.  But how do any
> > of you deal with things that are left open because you did not get a
> > chance to close them?  How do you clean up after the fact?  Do you
> > simply keep track externally the things that need to be cleaned up if
> > __del__ doesn't get a chance?  Any ideas?  Thanks
> As you point out, __del__ is not a reliable way to free limited
> resources. Instead, one generally includes logic to explicitly free
> the resources. This is generally done using try-finally or the `with`
> statement.
> Example:
> def mess_with_file(f):
>     try:
>         #fiddle with the file
>     finally:
>         f.close() #guarantee that the file gets closed
> def mess_with_other_file(filename):
>     with open(filename) as f:
>         #do stuff with file
>     x = None #the file has now been closed, and it'll be closed even
> if an exception gets raised
>     #the "context handler" (see PEP 343) for the `file` type
> guarantees this for us
> Cheers,
> Chris
> --
> Follow the path of the Iguana...

Thanks for the responses.  What I mean is when a python process is
interrupted and does not get a chance to clean everything up then what
is a good way to do so?  For instance, I have a script that uses child
ptys to facilitate ssh connections (I'm using pxssh).  When I ^C the
python process I am left with the child processes running and the ssh
connections open.  Naturally I run out of ttys if this happens too
much, which I have had happen.  So if python does not get a chance to
take care of those, what is a good way to do so?  Does a try/finally
or a with statement address that?  Thanks!


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