Problem reading file with umlauts

Claus Hausberger CHausberger at gmx.de
Tue Jul 7 21:00:46 CEST 2009


Thanks a lot. Now I am one step further but I get another strange error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "./read.py", line 12, in <module>
    of.write(text)
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\ufeff' in position 0: ordinal not in range(128)

according to google ufeff has something to do with byte order.

I use an Linux system, maybe this helps to find the error.

Claus

> Claus Hausberger wrote:
> 
> > I have a text file with is encoding in Latin1 (ISO-8859-1). I can't
> > change that as I do not create those files myself. I have to read
> > those files and convert the umlauts like ö to stuff like &oumol; as
> > the text files should become html files.
> 
> umlaut-in.txt:
> ----
> This file is contains data in the unicode
> character set and is encoded with utf-8.
> Viele Röhre. Macht spaß!  Tsüsch!
> 
> 
> umlaut-in.txt hexdump:
> ----
> 000000: 54 68 69 73 20 66 69 6C  65 20 69 73 20 63 6F 6E This file is con
> 000010: 74 61 69 6E 73 20 64 61  74 61 20 69 6E 20 74 68 tains data in th
> 000020: 65 20 75 6E 69 63 6F 64  65 0D 0A 63 68 61 72 61 e unicode..chara
> 000030: 63 74 65 72 20 73 65 74  20 61 6E 64 20 69 73 20 cter set and is
> 000040: 65 6E 63 6F 64 65 64 20  77 69 74 68 20 75 74 66 encoded with utf
> 000050: 2D 38 2E 0D 0A 56 69 65  6C 65 20 52 C3 B6 68 72 -8...Viele R..hr
> 000060: 65 2E 20 4D 61 63 68 74  20 73 70 61 C3 9F 21 20 e. Macht spa..!
> 000070: 20 54 73 C3 BC 73 63 68  21 0D 0A 00 00 00 00 00  Ts..sch!.......
> 
> 
> umlaut.py:
> ----
> # -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
> import codecs
> text=codecs.open("umlaut-in.txt",encoding="utf-8").read()
> text=text.replace(u"ö",u"oe")
> text=text.replace(u"ß",u"ss")
> text=text.replace(u"ü",u"ue")
> of=open("umlaut-out.txt","w")
> of.write(text)
> of.close()
> 
> 
> umlaut-out.txt:
> ----
> This file is contains data in the unicode
> character set and is encoded with utf-8.
> Viele Roehre. Macht spass!  Tsuesch!
> 
> 
> umlaut-out.txt hexdump:
> ----
> 000000: 54 68 69 73 20 66 69 6C  65 20 69 73 20 63 6F 6E This file is con
> 000010: 74 61 69 6E 73 20 64 61  74 61 20 69 6E 20 74 68 tains data in th
> 000020: 65 20 75 6E 69 63 6F 64  65 0D 0D 0A 63 68 61 72 e unicode...char
> 000030: 61 63 74 65 72 20 73 65  74 20 61 6E 64 20 69 73 acter set and is
> 000040: 20 65 6E 63 6F 64 65 64  20 77 69 74 68 20 75 74  encoded with ut
> 000050: 66 2D 38 2E 0D 0D 0A 56  69 65 6C 65 20 52 6F 65 f-8....Viele Roe
> 000060: 68 72 65 2E 20 4D 61 63  68 74 20 73 70 61 73 73 hre. Macht spass
> 000070: 21 20 20 54 73 75 65 73  63 68 21 0D 0D 0A 00 00 !  Tsuesch!.....
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
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