Copying objects and multiple inheritance

Gabriel Genellina gagsl-py2 at
Wed Jun 3 02:57:20 EDT 2009

En Tue, 02 Jun 2009 19:02:47 -0300, Brian Allen Vanderburg II  
<BrianVanderburg2 at> escribió:

> What is the best way to copy an object that has multiple inheritance  
> with the copy module.  Particularly, some of the instances in the  
> hierarchy

("...some of the classes in...", I presume?)

> use the __copy__ method to create a copy (because even for shallow  
> copies they need some information  updated a little differently), so how  
> can I make sure all the information is copied as it is supposed to be  
> even for the base classes that have special requirements.

If you don't control all the clases involved, there is little hope for a  
method like __copy__ to work at all... All classes must be written with  
cooperation in mind, using super() the "right" way. See "Python's Super  
Considered Harmful" [1] and "Things to Know About Python Super" [2][3][4]

That said, and since multiple inheritance is the heart of the problem,  
maybe you can redesign your solution *without* using MI? Perhaps using  
delegation instead?


Gabriel Genellina

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