Best way to enumerate classes in a module

Michele Simionato michele.simionato at
Fri Jun 26 05:56:15 EDT 2009

On Jun 24, 7:07 pm, Terry Reedy <tjre... at> wrote:
> Дамјан Георгиевски wrote:
> > I need to programmaticaly enumerate all the classes in a given module.
> > Currently I'm using dir(module) but the Notice on the documentation page
> > [1]  says "dir() is supplied primarily as a convenience for use at an
> > interactive prompt" so that kind of scares me.
> That notice primarily refers to the fact that the special names (of
> __xxx__ form) returned are implementation and version dependent, and may
> not be complete in the sense that dir(ob) may not return __xyz__ even
> though ob.__xyz__ exists and can be retrieved.
> If you are only interested in regular-name attribute of ob, let your
> fear fly away.

There are rather special cases (not your case) where dir does not
all the names to which an object can respond. In particular this
for class objects:
In [1]: class C(object): pass

In [2]: dir(C)

Notice the absense of the special names __name__, __mro__,
__subclasses__ and also mro, which
is not special. All these names are defined on the metaclass type and
C responds to them,
but they are not retrieved by dir.

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