Restructure dictionary (Python 2.5)

Fencer no.spam at plz.ok
Mon Mar 2 15:52:05 CET 2009


Hello, I have a dictionary that has strings as keys and for each key the
associated value is a list of strings. Many of the lists contain only 
one element and a given element may appear for more than one key.
What I need to do now is create a new dictionary where the strings in 
the list are keys and their values is a list of which keys in the "old" 
dictionary that contained them.
So I want to go from:
aa:[a, b, c]
bb:[c, d]
to
a:[aa]
b:[aa]
c[aa, bb]
d:[bb]

I tried this code:
old_dict = {'xyz':['a','b','c'],'baz':['c','d']}
new_dict = {}
for dkey, vallist in old_dict.iteritems():
	for val in vallist:
		if val in new_dict:
			theset = new_dict[val]
			theset.add(dkey)
			new_dict[val] = theset
		else:
			new_dict[val] = set([dkey])
print new_dict

Which yields the output {'a': set(['xyz']), 'c': set(['xyz', 'baz']), 
'b': set(['xyz']), 'd': set(['baz'])}, so it seems to work but I have a 
feeling this is a crappy solution that's underusing Python. Please 
enlighten me of a better way!

- Fencer



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