Python Tk Tix GUI documentation & builder overview and tips
baloand at googlemail.com
baloand at googlemail.com
Fri Mar 27 22:19:42 CET 2009
I have recently started development for a small video conversion
project using a GUI. After some research I decided to use Tkinter/Tix
(Tk/Tix). The reasons are mainly:
1. the GUI is rather simple, and
2. the end-user is not necessarily technically inclined so I want to
a) required libraries as few as possible, and
b) installation as painless as possible.
3. Tk/Tix is included with Python. Thus only a Python installation is
needed. Nothing else.
4. Tk itsself misses some rudimentary widgets like meters, multi/colum
lists, grid and scrolled widgets. Tix provides those. Good enough for
my little application (more advanced and more modern widgets are
available in frameworks like Qt, Gtk, or wxWindows).
Before starting I spent some effort to find
a) relevant documentation,
b) GUI Builders which might help me,
c) answers to non-obvious questions.
The process took some time and effort so I want to share my findings:
a) Documentation resources
Tix demo application
You want to extract the Tix demo application coming with the Tix
8.4.3 source distribution. It contains examples for many widgets -
unfortunately none for multi-column HList or the Grid (see below).
Tix8.4.3-src.tar.gz, then look in /Tix8.4.3/Python/Demo/tix
Thinking in Tkinter
I recommend the "Individual programs online"
b) GUI development tools
ActiveState GUI Builder (using grid layout)
SpecTcl is the predecessor of GUI Builder (by ActivaState).
FAQ (where to get source)
PAGE v3.0 by Stewart Allen (using placer layout)
There are many more for other GUI toolkits mentioned in this post:
Finally I decided to use the packer layout and create the widgets
manually. Just the simplest and quickest way for me.
c) How do I ...?
How do I use all methods available in the Tix Grid?
Tix Grid with full implementation of all methods
How do I create a multi-column Tix.HList?
import Tkinter as Tk
root = Tix.Tk()
# setup HList
hl = Tix.HList(root, columns = 5, header = True)
hl.header_create(0, text = "File")
hl.header_create(1, text = "Date")
hl.header_create(1, text = "Size")
# create a multi-column row
hl.add("row1", text = "filename.txt")
hl.item_create(entry_path, 1, text = "2009-03-26 21:07:03")
hl.item_create(entry_path, 2, text = "200MiB")
I haven't found out how to right-justify individual columns? Anyone?
How to implement Tk GUI with multiple threads?
Usually there are two options to make threads wait for an event:
* gui thread polling (lame)
see here how to use Tk.after() (actually a Tcl command) to poll
see here how to imitate the Tk event loop to poll for non-Tk
events (a socket, for example)
Tix8.4.3-src.tar.gz, then look in /Tix8.4.3/Python/Demo/tix/
tixwidgets.py, find loop()
* multithreaded with events (the option to choose)
Basically this uses bind and event_generate to send "Notify"
messages to the Tk instance.
I suspect the following example failed due to not synchronising
the event_generate call
For multithreading Python Tk GUI applications the following rules
1. same thread calling Tk must do all subsequent GUI calls,
2. other threads may send events with send_event to the root Tk
3. with threading problems you might try to synchonise access to
event_generate(). Using event_generate() with one non-GUI thread seems
to be safe.
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