# How to create a list of functions depending on a parameter?

Paul Rudin paul.nospam at rudin.co.uk
Tue May 26 11:16:32 CEST 2009

```"Diez B. Roggisch" <deets at nospam.web.de> writes:

> enzo michelangeli schrieb:
>> Let's suppose I want to create a list of n functions of a single
>> argument, returning the sum between argument and index in the list, so
>> that e.g.:
>>
>> f[0](10) will return 10
>> f[3](12) will return 15
>>
>> ...and so on. I had naively though of coding:
>>
>>  f = [lambda x: x+j for j in range(n)]
>>
>> Unfortunately, each function in the list f[]() behaves as a closure,
>> and f[k](p) does NOT return p+k but p+j (for whatever value j has at
>> the moment: typically n, the last value assumed by j in the list
>> comprehension loop).
>>
>> Is there a way of achieving my goal? (Of course, n is not a constant
>> known in advance, so I can't manually unroll the loop.)
>
> You need to capture n into the closure of the lambda:
>
> f = [lambda x, n=n: x+j for j in xrange(n)]
>

But be careful using such a technique with mutable arguments...

```