Pyserial non-standard baud rate

John Nagle nagle at
Fri Oct 2 06:38:16 CEST 2009

oyinbo55 wrote:
> On Oct 1, 11:36 am, "Richard Brodie" <R.Bro... at> wrote:
>> "oyinbo55" <oyinb... at> wrote in message
>> news:2feb36fc-106c-4d7c-a697-db59971dc910 at
>>> Using the standard 19200 baud results in gobbledegook from the
>>> multimeter.
>> You aren't going to notice a 0.1% clock skew within 1 byte.
>> Forget about the difference between 19200 and 19230.
>> If you have a scope handy, see what the output waveform
>> looks like, and check the timings. If not play around with
>> the rates, parity etc., until you find something that works.
> Thank you, Richard, you are absolutely right.  Looking back at the
> documentation for the instrument, I found the following:
> "The data format complies with JIS 7Bits-transmission code with a baud
> rate of 19230. "

    OK.  First off, 19200 baud should work.  19230 is a number which
comes from devices that use a 4MHz crystal for the clock and divide
by 208.  4000000 / 208 = 19230.769, which is as close as you can get
to 19200 baud given a 4MHz timing source.   Serial ports
can usually tolerate an error of about 1/4 a bit time, which is 2.5%.
Since you're running a little fast, I'd suggest sending 2 stop bits,
which guarantees the receiver can't gain on the transmitter during
long blocks sent at full speed.

> I had overlooked the JIS transmission code because I didn't know what
> that meant.  (It is the Japanese Industrial Standard).  Changing my
> script to display the data one character at a time, I found it was
> sprinkled with escape characters that Japanese machines use to switch
> from ASCII to Kanji characters and back.
> Does Python have a module that will translate the data stream and
> display normal ASCII characters?  The escape codes appear to alter the
> values of the characters in some systematic way.

    If you're really receiving content in Shift-JIS, you just need to
translate it into Unicode.  Python can do that.  See

Now you'll have Unicode strings that contain kanjii, which Python can process
just fine.

Printing kanjii in a terminal window is troublesome on some operating systems.
But it's possible to get everything working in Unicode, which will result in
kanjii text appearing.

Reading the Japanese may be a problem, although you can put the text through
Google Translate.

					John Nagle

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