umlauts

Diez B. Roggisch deets at nospam.web.de
Sat Oct 17 18:50:41 CEST 2009


StarWing schrieb:
> On 10月17日, 下午9时54分, Arian Kuschki <arian.kusc... at googlemail.com>
> wrote:
>> Hi all
>>
>> this has been bugging me for a long time and I do not seem to be able to
>> understand what to do. I always have problems when dealing input text that
>> contains umlauts. Consider the following:
>>
>> In [1]: import urllib
>>
>> In [2]: f = urllib.urlopen("http://www.google.de/ig/api?weather=Muenchen")
>>
>> In [3]: xml = f.read()
>>
>> In [4]: f.close()
>>
>> In [5]: print xml
>> ------> print(xml)
>> <?xml version="1.0"?><xml_api_reply version="1"><weather module_id="0"
>> tab_id="0" mobile_row="0" mobile_zipped="1" row="0" section="0"><forecast_information><cit
>>
>> y data="Munich, BY"/><postal_code data="Muenchen"/><latitude_e6
>> data=""/><longitude_e6 data=""/><forecast_date
>> data="2009-10-17"/><current_date_time data="2009-10
>> -17 14:20:00 +0000"/><unit_system
>> data="SI"/></forecast_information><current_conditions><condition data="Meistens
>> bew kt"/><temp_f data="43"/><temp_c data="6"/><h
>> umidity data="Feuchtigkeit: 87 %"/><icon
>> data="/ig/images/weather/mostly_cloudy.gif"/><wind_condition data="Wind: W mit
>> Windgeschwindigkeiten von 13 km/h"/></curr
>> ent_conditions><forecast_conditions><day_of_week data="Sa."/><low
>> data="1"/><high data="7"/><icon
>> data="/ig/images/weather/chance_of_rain.gif"/><condition data="V
>> ereinzelt Regen"/></forecast_conditions><forecast_conditions><day_of_week
>> data="So."/><low data="-1"/><high data="8"/><icon
>> data="/ig/images/weather/chance_of_sno
>> w.gif"/><condition data="Vereinzelt
>> Schnee"/></forecast_conditions><forecast_conditions><day_of_week
>> data="Mo."/><low data="-4"/><high data="8"/><icon data="/ig/i
>> mages/weather/mostly_sunny.gif"/><condition data="Teils
>> sonnig"/></forecast_conditions><forecast_conditions><day_of_week
>> data="Di."/><low data="0"/><high data="8"
>> /><icon data="/ig/images/weather/sunny.gif"/><condition
>> data="Klar"/></forecast_conditions></weather></xml_api_reply>
>>
>> As you can see the umlauts in the XML are not displayed properly. When I want
>> to process this text (for example with xml.sax), I get error messages because
>> the parses can't read this.
>>
>> I've tried to read up on this and there is a lot of information on the web, but
>> nothing seems to work for me. For example setting the coding to UTF like this:
>> # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- or using the decode() string method.
>>
>> I always have this kind of problem when input contains umlauts, not just in
>> this case. My locale (on Ubuntu) is en_GB.UTF-8.
>>
>> Cheers
>> Arian
> 
> try this?
> 
> # vim: set fencoding=utf-8:
> import urllib
> import xml.sax as sax, xml.sax.handler as handler
> 
> f = urllib.urlopen("http://www.google.de/ig/api?weather=Muenchen")
> xml = f.read()
> xml = xml.decode("cp1252")
> f.close()
> 
> class my_handler(handler.ContentHandler):
>     def startElement(self, name, attrs):
>         print "begin:", name, attrs
> 
>     def endElement(self, name):
>         print "end:", name
> 
> sax.parseString(xml, my_handler())

This is wrong. XML is a *byte*-based format, which explicitly states 
encodings. So decoding a byte-string to a unicode-object and then 
passing it to a parser is not working in the very moment you have data that

  - is outside your default-system-encoding (ususally ascii)
  - the system-encoding and the declared decoding differ

Besides, I don't see where the whole SAX-stuff is supposed to do 
anything the direct print  and the decode() don't do - smells like 
cargo-cult to me.

Diez



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