merge list of tuples with list

Peter Otten __peter__ at
Wed Oct 20 10:29:26 CEST 2010

Daniel Wagner wrote:

> Hello Everyone,
> I'm new in this group and I hope it is ok to directly ask a question.
> My short question: I'm searching for a nice way to merge a list of
> tuples with another tuple or list. Short example:
> a = [(1,2,3), (4,5,6)]
> b = (7,8)
> After the merging I would like to have an output like:
> a = [(1,2,3,7), (4,5,6)]
> It was possible for me to create this output using a "for i in a"
> technique but I think this isn't a very nice way and there should
> exist a solution using the map(), zip()-functions....
> I appreciate any hints how to solve this problem efficiently.

>>> from itertools import starmap, izip
>>> from operator import add
>>> a = [(1,2,3), (4,5,6)]
>>> b = (7,8)
>>> list(starmap(add, izip(a, izip(b))))
[(1, 2, 3, 7), (4, 5, 6, 8)]

This is likely slower than the straightforward

[x + (y,) for x, y in zip(a, b)]

for "short" lists, but should be faster for "long" lists. Of course you'd 
have to time-it to be sure. 
You should also take into consideration that the latter can be understood 
immediately by any moderately experienced pythonista.


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