Problem building python 2.7 with --enable-shared

Thomas Jollans thomas at
Thu Sep 16 20:12:38 CEST 2010

On Thursday 16 September 2010, it occurred to Marten Lehmann to exclaim:
> Hello,
> I've build python 2.7 successfully by just calling configure, make and
> make install. But to use python within PostgreSQL, I need to built
> python with --enable-shared.
> I tried to do so (configure --enable-shared), but I see these lines
> several times in the log (but compiling continues):

Did you start with a clean source tree? If you just reconfigured and called 
make again in the source tree where you already had built Python, make will 
just re-use the old object files, which would be built without -fPIC and 
whatever other options are required for the shared library linking to work. 

> /usr/bin/ld: /test/python/lib/libpython2.7.a(abstract.o): relocation
> R_X86_64_32 against `a local symbol' can not be used when making a
> shared object; recompile with -fPIC
> /test/python/lib/libpython2.7.a: could not read symbols: Bad value
> collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

If you get this when building from a fresh source tree, I can't explain why 
this might happen, but, again, starting afresh, this time adding -fPIC to the 
CFLAGS, may work. But I expect that the configure script, or makefile, or 
libtool, or whatever, should do this, hence my guess that maybe you're using 
leftover object files.

(hint: make clean)

> Later, the compiling process ends completely:
> PYTHONPATH=/var/tmp/vrmd-python2-root/test/python/lib/python2.7
> LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/src/redhat/BUILD/Python-2.7: \
>                  ./python -Wi -tt
> /var/tmp/vrmd-python2-root/test/python/lib/python2.7/ \
>                  -d /test/python/lib/python2.7 -f \
>                  -x
> 'bad_coding|badsyntax|site-packages|lib2to3/tests/data' \
>                  /var/tmp/vrmd-python2-root/test/python/lib/python2.7
> Traceback (most recent call last):
>    File
> "/var/tmp/vrmd-python2-root/test/python/lib/python2.7/",
> line 17, in <module>
>      import struct
>    File
> "/var/tmp/vrmd-python2-root/test/python/lib/python2.7/", line
> 1, in <module>
>      from _struct import *
> ImportError: No module named _struct
> make: *** [libinstall] Error 1
> Any ideas, what I have done wrong?
> Kind regards
> Marten

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