Iterating over files of a huge directory

Tim Golden mail at timgolden.me.uk
Mon Dec 17 16:48:19 CET 2012


On 17/12/2012 15:41, Chris Angelico wrote:
> On Tue, Dec 18, 2012 at 2:28 AM, Gilles Lenfant 
> <gilles.lenfant at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Hi,
>> 
>> I have googled but did not find an efficient solution to my
>> problem. My customer provides a directory with a huuuuge list of
>> files (flat, potentially 100000+) and I cannot reasonably use
>> os.listdir(this_path) unless creating a big memory footprint.
>> 
>> So I'm looking for an iterator that yields the file names of a
>> directory and does not make a giant list of what's in.
> 
> Sounds like you want os.walk. But... a hundred thousand files? I
> know the Zen of Python says that flat is better than nested, but
> surely there's some kind of directory structure that would make this 
> marginally manageable?
> 
> http://docs.python.org/3.3/library/os.html#os.walk

Unfortunately all of the built-in functions (os.walk, glob.glob,
os.listdir) rely on the os.listdir functionality which produces a list
first even if (as in glob.iglob) it later iterates over it.

There are external functions to iterate over large directories in both
Windows & Linux. I *think* the OP is on *nix from his previous posts, in
which case someone else will have to produce the Linux-speak for this.
If it's Windows, you can use the FindFilesIterator in the pywin32 package.

TJG



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