Py 3.3, unicode / upper()

Christian Heimes christian at
Wed Dec 19 16:33:50 CET 2012

Am 19.12.2012 16:01, schrieb Stefan Krah:
> The uppercase ß isn't really needed, since ß does not occur at the beginning
> of a word. As far as I know, most Germans wouldn't even know that it has
> existed at some point or how to write it.

I think Python 3.3+ is using uppercase mapping (uc) instead of simple
upper case (suc).

Some background:

The old German Fractur has three variants of the letter S:

 capital s: S
 long s: ſ
 round s: s.

ß is a ligature of ſs. ſ is usually used at the beginning or middle of a
syllable while s is used at the end of a syllable. Compare Wachſtube
(Wach-Stube == guard room) to Wachstube (Wachs-Tube == tube of wax). :)


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