Reading files in from the proper directory

SMac2347 at SMac2347 at
Tue Feb 7 14:03:11 EST 2012

On Feb 7, 1:40 pm, Dave Angel <d... at> wrote:
> On 02/07/2012 01:14 PM, SMac2... at wrote:> Hello. I am admittedly a Python novice, and ran into some trouble
> > trying to write a program that will pull multiple excel files all into
> > one file, with each file on a different sheet.
> > I am confident most of the code is correct, as the program runs
> > without any errors and I found the base of it online, making changes
> > as necessary for my own purposes. However, I am having trouble
> > specifying the exact directory where my code should be pulling the
> > files from. All the files are in the same folder, and I have put the
> > folder on my desktop. Am I correct in thinking that I need to change
> > the current working directory to this folder in order for Python to
> > read in these files,
> No, Python certainly does not constrain you to working with files only
> in the current working directory.  My rule of thumb is never to change
> the cwd in a Python program.  You can use relative paths to open files,
> or you can use absolute paths.  There is even a library function
> os.path.abspath() for converting a relative path to an absolute one.
> If you do change cwd during the running of a program, then relative
> filenames that worked earlier might no longer work.  You could convert
> them all to absolute paths, but that's more work.
> You can piece together path strings using os.path.join().  It's smart
> enough to know the path separator for your particular platform.
> Check out this page:
> > then generate my output? Or should I be doing
> > something else?
> > Any and all help is appreciated, thanks!
> --
> DaveA

Thanks Dave. I am a bit lost as to what the problem is then - the
program runs glitch free, but then only prints: "NOTE *** No xls files
in C:/Documents and Settings/smacdon/." as specified below by my
program. Any idea what the issue might be (my code is below):

import xlrd, xlwt
import glob, os.path
def merge_xls (in_dir, out_file="C:\Documents and Settings\smacdon
\Desktop\09 Aggregate JWS\09_merged_data.xls"):
    xls_files   = glob.glob(in_dir + "*.xls")
    sheet_names = [os.path.basename(v)[:-4] for v in xls_files]
    sheet_excl  = [os.path.basename(v)[:-4] for v in xls_files if len
(os.path.basename(v)[:-4]) > 29]
    merged_book = xlwt.Workbook()
    if in_dir[-1:] != "/": in_dir = in_dir + "/"
    if xls_files:
        for k, xls_file in enumerate(xls_files):
            print "---> Processing file %s" % (xls_file)
            if len (sheet_names[k]) <= 29:
                book = xlrd.open_workbook(xls_file)
                if book.nsheets == 1:
                    ws  = merged_book.add_sheet(sheet_names[k])
                    sheet = book.sheet_by_index(0)
                    for rx in range(sheet.nrows):
                        for cx in range(sheet.ncols):
                            ws.write(rx, cx, sheet.cell_value(rx,
                elif book.nsheets in range(2, 100):
                    for sheetx in range(book.nsheets):
                        sheet0n = sheet_names[k]+str(sheetx
                        ws = merged_book.add_sheet(sheet0n)
                        sheet = book.sheet_by_index(sheetx)
                        for rx in range(sheet.nrows):
                            for cx in range(sheet.ncols):
                                ws.write(rx, cx, sheet.cell_value(rx,
                    print "ERROR *** File %s has %s sheets (maximum is
99)" % (xls_file, book.nsheets)
                print "WARNING *** File name too long: <%s.xls>
(maximum is 29 chars) " % (sheet_names[k])
                print "WARNING *** File <%s.xls> was skipped." %
        print "---> Merged xls file written to %s using the following
source files: " % (out_file)
        for k, v in enumerate(sheet_names):
            if len(v) <= 29:
                print "\t", str(k+1).zfill(3), "%s.xls" % (v)
        if sheet_excl:
            print "--> The following files were skipped because the
file name exceeds 29 characters: "
            for k, v in enumerate(sheet_excl):
                print "\t", str(k+1).zfill(3), v
        print "NOTE *** No xls files in %s." % (in_dir)
merge_xls(in_dir="C:\Documents and Settings\smacdon\Desktop\09
Aggregate JWS"

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