Finding duplicate file names and modifying them based on elements of the path

Larry.Martell@gmail.com larry.martell at gmail.com
Fri Jul 20 05:07:23 CEST 2012


On Jul 19, 7:01 pm, "Larry.Mart... at gmail.com"
<larry.mart... at gmail.com> wrote:
> On Jul 19, 3:32 pm, MRAB <pyt... at mrabarnett.plus.com> wrote:
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> > On 19/07/2012 20:06, Larry.Mart... at gmail.com wrote:
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> > > On Jul 19, 1:02 pm, "Prasad, Ramit" <ramit.pra... at jpmorgan.com> wrote:
> > >> > > I am making the assumption that you intend to collapse the directory
> > >> > > tree and store each file in the same directory, otherwise I can't think
> > >> > > of why you need to do this.
>
> > >> > Hi Simon, thanks for the reply. It's not quite this - what I am doing
> > >> > is creating a zip file with relative path names, and if there are
> > >> > duplicate files the parts of the path that are not be carried over
> > >> > need to get prepended to the file names to make then unique,
>
> > >> Depending on the file system of the client, you can hit file name
> > >> length limits. I would think it would be better to just create
> > >> the full structure in the zip.
>
> > >> Just something to keep in mind, especially if you see funky behavior.
>
> > > Thanks, but it's not what the client wants.
>
> > Here's another solution, not using itertools:
>
> > from collections import defaultdict
> > from os.path import basename, dirname
> > from time import strftime, strptime
>
> > # Starting with the original paths
>
> > paths = [
> >      "/dir0/dir1/dir2/dir3/qwer/09Jan12/dir6/file3",
> >      "/dir0/dir1/dir2/dir3/abcd/08Jan12/dir6/file1",
> >      "/dir0/dir1/dir2/dir3/abcd/08Jan12/dir6/file2",
> >      "/dir0/dir1/dir2/dir3/xyz/08Jan12/dir6/file1",
> >      "/dir0/dir1/dir2/dir3/qwer/07Jan12/dir6/file3",
> > ]
>
> > def make_dir5_key(path):
> >      date = strptime(path.split("/")[6], "%d%b%y")
> >      return strftime("%y%b%d", date)
>
> > # Collect the paths into a dict keyed by the basename
>
> > files = defaultdict(list)
> > for path in paths:
> >      files[basename(path)].append(path)
>
> > # Process a list of paths if there's more than one entry
>
> > renaming = []
>
> > for name, entries in files.items():
> >      if len(entries) > 1:
> >          # Collect the paths in each subgroup into a dict keyed by dir4
>
> >          subgroup = defaultdict(list)
> >          for path in entries:
> >              subgroup[path.split("/")[5]].append(path)
>
> >          for dir4, subentries in subgroup.items():
> >              # Sort the subentries by dir5 (date)
> >              subentries.sort(key=make_dir5_key)
>
> >              if len(subentries) > 1:
> >                  for index, path in enumerate(subentries):
> >                      renaming.append((path,
> > "{}/{}_{:02}_{}".format(dirname(path), dir4, index, name)))
> >              else:
> >                  path = subentries[0]
> >                  renaming.append((path, "{}/{}_{}".format(dirname(path),
> > dir4, name)))
> >      else:
> >          path = entries[0]
>
> > for old_path, new_path in renaming:
> >      print("Rename {!r} to {!r}".format(old_path, new_path))
>
> Thanks a million MRAB. I really like this solution. It's very
> understandable and it works! I had never seen .format before. I had to
> add the index of the positional args to them to make it work.

Also, in make_dir5_key the format specifier for strftime should be %y%m
%d so they sort properly.



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