Getting lazy with decorators

Josh English Joshua.R.English at gmail.com
Mon Jun 25 22:04:32 CEST 2012


On Sunday, June 24, 2012 1:07:45 AM UTC-7, Peter Otten wrote:
> 
> You cannot access a class instance because even the class itself doesn't 
> exist yet. You could get hold of the class namespace with sys._getframe(),
> 
> def add_help(f):
>     exec """\
> def help_%s(self):
>     f = getattr(self, %r)
>     self.show_help(f)
> """ % (f.__name__[3:], f.__name__) in sys._getframe(1).f_locals
>     return f
> 
> but here's a simpler approach:
> 
> import cmd
> 
> def add_help(f):
>     def help(self):
>         self.show_help(f)
>     f.help = help
>     return f
> 
> 
> class BaseCmd(cmd.Cmd):
>     def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
>         cmd.Cmd.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
> 
>     def show_help(self, func):
>         print "\n".join((line.strip() for line in 
> func.__doc__.splitlines()))
> 
>     def __getattr__(self, name):
>         if name.startswith("help_"):
>             helpfunc = getattr(self, "do_" + name[5:]).help
>             setattr(self.__class__, name, helpfunc)
>             return getattr(self, name)
>         raise AttributeError
> 
>     @add_help
>     def do_done(self, line):
>         """done
>         Quits this and goes to higher level or quits the application.
>         I mean, what else do you expect?
>         """
>         return True
> 
> if __name__=='__main__':
>     c = BaseCmd()
>     c.cmdloop()


Okay. If I understand this, you are adding a help attribute to the class method. The help attribute is itself a function. 

There is nothing in the documentation (that I have found) that points to this solution. Even after reading the do_help method in the cmd.Cmd source, I don't see this as working.

Yet it works.

How?



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