How to get a reference of the 'owner' class to which a method belongs in Python 3.X?

Steven D'Aprano steve+comp.lang.python at
Sat Mar 17 11:01:37 CET 2012

On Fri, 16 Mar 2012 22:30:34 -0700, Cosmia Luna wrote:

> I'm porting my existing work to Python 3.X, but...
> class Foo:
>     def bar(self):
>         pass
> mthd =
> assert mthd.im_class is Foo # this does not work in py3k
> So, how can I get a reference to Foo? This is important when writing
> decorators, the only way I can think out is:

I don't believe you can get a reference to Foo just by inspecting the 
function object (In Python 2.x, would be an unbound 
method, but they no longer exist in Python 3.x.)

> class Foo:
>     def bar(self):
>         'Foo' # manually declare the owner class 
>         pass

A better approach might be to inject a reference to the class after the 
event, using a class decorator:

function = type(lambda: None)

def inject_class(cls):
    for name, obj in vars(cls).items():
        if type(obj) is function:
            obj.owner_class = cls
    return cls

And in use:

py> @inject_class
... class Test:
...     a = 1
...     b = 2
...     def method(self, x):
...         return (x, self)
py> Test.a
py> Test.method
<function method at 0xb7b21bec>
py> Test.method.owner_class is Test

Does this help?


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