Generate unique ID for URL

Christian Heimes christian at python.org
Wed Nov 14 01:43:00 CET 2012


Am 14.11.2012 01:26, schrieb Chris Kaynor:
> One option would be using a hash. Python's built-in hash, a 32-bit
> CRC, 128-bit MD5, 256-bit SHA or one of the many others that exist,
> depending on the needs. Higher bit counts will reduce the odds of
> accidental collisions; cryptographically secure ones if outside
> attacks matter. In such a case, you'd have to roll your own means of
> converting the hash back into the string if you ever need it for
> debugging, and there is always the possibility of collisions. A
> similar solution would be using a pseudo-random GUID using the url as
> the seed.

A hash is the wrong answer to the issue as a hash is open to all sorts
of attack vectors like length extension attack. If Robert needs to
ensure any kind of collision resistance than he needs a MAC, for example
a HMAC with a secret key.

If he needs some kind of persistent identifier than some like a URN or
DOI may be a better answer.

Christian


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