grab dict keys/values without iterating ?!

Peter Otten __peter__ at web.de
Wed Dec 11 13:10:52 CET 2013


Tamer Higazi wrote:

> Hi Dave!
> 
> You were absolutely right.
> I don't want to iterate the entire dict to get me the key/values
> 
> Let us say this dict would have 20.000 entries, but I want only those
> with "Aa" to be grabed.
> Those starting with these 2 letters would be only 5 or 6 then it would
> take a lot of time.
> 
> In which way would you prefer to store the data, and which functions or
> methods would you use effectively to accomplish this task ?

Well, Dave already gave one approach:

[Dave Angel]
> For example if you stored all the keys in a sorted list you could use 
> bisect.

See also http://docs.python.org/dev/library/bisect.html

Another option would be to use a database. Assuming the table 'lookup' has 
two columns 'key' and 'value' you'd get the matching rows with

select key, value from lookup where key like 'Aa%';

A lightweight database that comes with Python is sqlite:

http://docs.python.org/dev/library/sqlite3.html
http://www.sqlite.org/




More information about the Python-list mailing list