# min max from tuples in list

Peter Otten __peter__ at web.de
Thu Dec 12 10:03:45 CET 2013

```Peter Otten wrote:

> Robert Voigtländer wrote:
>
>> Hi,
>>
>> I have a list like this:
>>
>> a = [(52, 193), (52, 193), (52, 192), (51, 193), (51, 191), (51, 190),
>> (51, 189), (51, 188), (50, 194), (50, 187), (50, 186), (50, 185), (50,
>> 184), (49, 194), (49, 183), (49, 182), (49, 181), (48, 194), (48, 180),
>> (48, 179), (48, 178), (48, 177), (47, 194), (47, 176), (47, 175), (47,
>> 174), (47, 173), (46, 195), (46, 172), (46, 171), (46, 170), (46, 169),
>> (45, 195), (45, 168), (45, 167), (45, 166), (44, 195), (44, 165), (44,
>> 164), (44, 163), (44, 162), (43, 195), (43, 161), (43, 160), (43, 159),
>> (43, 158), (42, 196), (42, 157), (42, 156), (42, 155), (41, 196), (41,
>> 154), (41, 153), (41, 152), (41, 151), (40, 196), (40, 150), (40, 149),
>> (40, 148), (40, 147), (39, 196), (39, 146), (39, 145), (39, 144), (39,
>> 143), (38, 196), (38, 142), (38, 141), (38, 140), (37, 197), (37, 139),
>> (37, 138), (37
>>  , 137), (37, 136), (36, 197), (36, 135), (36, 134), (36, 133)]
>>
>>
>> I need to find a -performant- way to transform this into a list with
>> tuples (a[0],[a[0][1]min],[a[0][1]max]).
>>
>> Hard to explaint what I mean .. [0] of the first three tuples is 52. [1]
>> is 193,193 and 192. What I need as result for these three tuples is:
>> (52,192,193).
>>
>> For the next five tuples it is (51,188,193).
>>
>>
>> Extra challenges:
>> - This list is sorted. For performance reasons I would like to keep it
>> unsorted. - There may be tuples where min=max.
>> - There my be tupples where [0] only exists once. So mix is automatically
>> max
>>
>>
>> I hope I was able to explain what I mean.
>
> I have a hunch that sorting the list might be quite efficient. You should
> at least try
>
> import operator
> import itertools
>
> a = ...
> a.sort()
> result = []
> for key, group in itertools.groupby(a, key=operator.itemgetter(0)):
>     minpair = maxpair = next(group)
>     for maxpair in group:
>         pass
>     result.append((key, minpair[1], maxpair[1]))
>
> for item in result:
>     print(item)
>
> to see whether it is good enough.

On second thought -- Chris Angelico may be right ;)
So here's my dict-based variant:

def keyminmax(items):
d = collections.defaultdict(list)
for key, value in items:
d[key].append(value)
for key, values in d.items(): # d.iteritems() in python 2
yield key, min(values), max(values)

for item in keyminmax(a):
print(item)

It uses a bit more memory than Chris' code, but has fewer min()/max() calls.

```