Differences creating tuples and collections.namedtuples

Dave Angel davea at davea.name
Mon Feb 18 13:11:24 CET 2013

On 02/18/2013 06:47 AM, John Reid wrote:
> Hi,
> I was hoping namedtuples could be used as replacements for tuples in all instances. There seem to be some differences between how tuples and namedtuples are created. For example with a tuple I can do:
> a=tuple([1,2,3])
> with namedtuples I get a TypeError:
> from collections import namedtuple
> B=namedtuple('B', 'x y z')
> b=B([1,2,3])

You are passing a single list to the constructor, but you specified that 
the namedtuple was to have 3 items.  So you need two more.

> TypeError: __new__() takes exactly 4 arguments (2 given)
>> <ipython-input-23-d1da2ef851fb>(3)<module>()
>        1 from collections import namedtuple
>        2 B=namedtuple('B', 'x y z')
> ----> 3 b=B([1,2,3])
> I'm seeing this problem because of the following code in IPython:
> def canSequence(obj):
>      if isinstance(obj, (list, tuple)):
>          t = type(obj)
>          return t([can(i) for i in obj])
>      else:
>          return obj
> where obj is a namedtuple and t([can(i) for i in obj]) fails with the TypeError. See http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.python.ipython.user/10270 for more info.
> Is this a problem with namedtuples, ipython or just a feature?
> Thanks,
> John.

If you want one item (list or tuple) to act like 3 separate arguments, 
you could use the "*" operator:

b = B( *[1,2,3] )

or in your canSequence function, if you want a namedTuple
           return t(*[can(i) for i in obj])


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