UnicodeDecodeError: 'utf-8' codec can't decode byte 0xb6 in position 0: invalid start byte

MRAB python at mrabarnett.plus.com
Thu Jul 4 14:07:41 CEST 2013

On 04/07/2013 12:36, Νίκος wrote:
> Στις 4/7/2013 2:06 μμ, ο/η MRAB έγραψε:
>> On 04/07/2013 11:38, Νίκος wrote:
>>> Στις 4/7/2013 12:50 μμ, ο/η Ulrich Eckhardt έγραψε:
>>>> Am 04.07.2013 10:37, schrieb Νίκος:
>>>>> I just started to have this error without changing nothing
>>>> Well, undo the nothing that you didn't change. ;)
>>>>> UnicodeDecodeError: 'utf-8' codec can't decode byte 0xb6 in position 0:
>>>>> invalid start byte
>>>>> [Thu Jul 04 11:35:14 2013] [error] [client] Premature
>>>>> end
>>>>> of script headers: metrites.py
>>>>> Why cant it decode the starting byte? what starting byte is that?
>>>> It's the 0xb6 but it's expecting the starting byte of a UTF-8 sequence.
>>>> Please do some research on UTF-8, that should clear it up. You could
>>>> also search for common causes of that error.
>>> So you are also suggesting that what gesthostbyaddr() returns is not
>>> utf-8 encoded too?
>>> What character is 0xb6 anyways?
>> Well, it's from a bytestring, so you'll have to specify what encoding
>> you're using! (It clearly isn't UTF-8.)
>> If it's ISO-8859-7 (what you've previously referred to as "greek-iso"),
>> then:
>>  >>> import unicodedata
>>  >>> unicodedata.name(b"\xb6".decode("ISO-8859-7"))
>> You'll need to find out where that bytestring is coming from.
> Right.
> But nowhere in my script(metrites.py) i use an 'Ά' so i really have no
> clue where this is coming from.
> And you are right if it was a byte came from an utf-8 encoding scheme
> then it would be automatically decoded.
> The only thing i can say for use is that this problem a[[ear only when i
> cloudflare my domain "superhost.gr"
> If i un-cloudlflare it it cease to display errors.
> Can you tell me hpw to write the following properly:
> host = socket.gethostbyaddr( os.environ['REMOTE_ADDR'] )[0] or 'UnResolved'
> so even if the function fails "unresolved" to be returned back?
> Somehow i need to capture the error.
> Or it dosnt have to do it the or operand will be returned?
If gethostbyaddr fails, it raises socket.gaierror, (which, from Python
3.3 onwards, is a subclass of OSError), so try catching that, setting
'host' to 'UnResolved' if it's raised.

Also, try printing out ascii(os.environ['REMOTE_ADDR']).

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