List comp help

Chris Angelico rosuav at
Sun Jul 14 19:16:23 CEST 2013

On Mon, Jul 15, 2013 at 3:10 AM, Joseph L. Casale
<jcasale at> wrote:
> I have a dict of lists. I need to create a list of 2 tuples, where each tuple is a key from
> the dict with one of the keys list items.
> my_dict = {
>     'key_a': ['val_a', 'val_b'],
>     'key_b': ['val_c'],
>     'key_c': []
> }
> [(k, x) for k, v in my_dict.items() for x in v]
> This works, but I need to test for an empty v like the last key, and create one tuple ('key_c', None).
> Anyone know the trick to reorganize this to accept the test for an empty v and add the else?

Yeah, it's remarkably easy too! Try this:

[(k, x) for k, v in my_dict.items() for x in v or [None]]

An empty list counts as false, so the 'or' will then take the second
option, and iterate over the one-item list with None in it.

Have fun!


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