Just curious - I thought dict keys would maintain sequence

Chris Angelico rosuav at gmail.com
Mon Mar 18 08:31:33 CET 2013

On Mon, Mar 18, 2013 at 6:26 PM, Frank Millman <frank at chagford.com> wrote:
> Hi all
> I know that you cannot rely on the order of keys in a dictionary, and I am
> not attempting to do so.
> Nevertheless, the following surprised me. A program creates a dictionary
> with a known set of keys. I would have thought that multiple runs of the
> program would return the keys in the same sequence. As you can see, the
> results appear to be totally random.
> Just out of interest, I would appreciate an explanation.

Mainly, it's just something you utterly cannot depend on, so it's
allowed to vary based on the phase of the moon, the position of your
hard drive platters, or anything else it likes. The hashing is
actually randomized in recent versions of Python as a defense against
a denial of service attack by generating hash collisions; that's most
likely what you're seeing there. The dictionary object is not
deterministic to that extent. :)


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